How is LSD used?
LSD is typically used by chewing on tiny paper tabs that have been soaked in the drug’s liquid form and then dried. These tabs are frequently inserted under the tongue. In extremely rare circumstances, it is taken as a liquid, gelatin, or tablet. A dosage may occasionally be soaked into a sugar cube. While doses in the 1960s varied from 100 to 200 micrograms, they currently range from 20 to 100 micrograms. Because LSD is made illicitly, it is challenging to gauge the potency of a dose. The drug’s effects start in around 30 minutes and can last for up to 12 hours. If LSD was consumed during the previous six hours, falling asleep can be exceedingly challenging.
Like other hallucinogens, LSD causes the user to experience unreal pictures, sounds, and sensations that alter their perception of reality. These hallucinations can be enjoyable, and for some people, they can even be intellectually challenging, but they can also be disorienting or distressing, leading to an unpleasant emotional experience (bad trip). Because the same person can have drastically different experiences each time they take LSD, it is challenging to predict what kind of experience they will have. A user’s experience is influenced by her prior drug usage, expectations, environment, and setting in addition to the neurological effects of the substance, as is the case with all drugs but particularly LSD.
Bad trips can lead to the most frequent LSD risks, such as frightful thoughts and feelings, despair, fear of losing control, and dread of dying. People who have underlying mental conditions like severe depression, schizophrenia, or bipolar illness are particularly susceptible to developing and experiencing these issues. There have also been deadly mishaps involving users who were unable to comprehend the reality of their circumstances. They have trouble judging distances or fantasise safe conditions when they are truly in danger. Driving a car or operating machinery should never be done while using LSD.
Problems that might occur include:
- Extreme changes in behavior and mood; person may sit or recline in a trance-like state
- Chills, irregular breathing, sweating, trembling hands
- Changes in sense of light, hearing, touch, smell, and time
- Nausea, especially in the first two hours
- Increase in blood pressure, heart rate and blood sugar
- Fatigue the next day
Particularly in heavy or long-term users, those with an underlying mental illness, or those who experience flashbacks (post-hallucination perceptual disorders), relatively long-lasting psychoses, severe depression, or schizophrenia-like syndromes, hallucinogens can have extreme, long-lasting negative neuropsychiatric effects.
Some of the long-term problems associated with chronic or heavy LSD use are:
- A person can experience rapidly changing feelings, immediately and long after use.
- Chronic use may cause persistent problems, depression, violent behavior, anxiety or a distorted perception of time.
- Large doses may cause convulsions, coma, heart/lung failure or ruptured blood vessels in the brain.
- “Flashbacks” may occur long after use.
LSD experiences are heavily influenced by environment.
Here are some ways to reduce the risk having a bad trip:
- Make sure you take it with someone you know and trust, preferably someone who knows how strong the effects of a hallucinogen can be.
- Make sure you are somewhere where you feel safe, secure and comfortable.
- Avoid taking LSD if you are upset, feeling low or insecure–this could lead to a bad trip.
- Avoid taking more. The effects come on stronger after a while, and you could end up having a much stronger trip than you can handle.
If you’re having a bad time, avoid flashing lights and visuals and get a friend to take you to a safe, calm space.
It is important to make your friend feel safe and comfortable, usually away from other people, visual stimulation, or noises. Speak in a soothing voice to them and reassure them that their bad emotions, sensations, and visions are just the effects of the drug and will wear off in time. If your friend is inconsolable or seems violently agitated, then seek medical help right away. Call EMS at 831.459.2231 or call 911.
Drug addiction is not a compulsive behaviour that LSD causes. Although hallucinogen addiction is uncommon, it is common for poly-drug addicts (those who are addicted to multiple drugs) to abuse hallucinogens as well. LSD users quickly build up an extraordinary tolerance to the drug, making it impossible to misuse it for more than a few days at a time without developing the physical and mental dependence common to other narcotics. After about a week of drug abstinence, this tolerance often disappears.
LSD (LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE)
|The most common synonyms are:
|White, odourless and bitter crystalline powder. It is available in a variety of forms:
|Mechanism of action
|Routes of administration
Effects sought out by the user
- Euphoria and feeling of dissociation
- Feeling of joyfulness
- Pseudohallucinations: it does not cause hallucinations per se but creates illusions by altering the senses (all five senses)
- Synesthesia (crossing of 2 or more senses) and spiritual journeys
Common toxic effects
- Impaired judgement
- Deep anguish
- Concentration problems
- Reduced coordination
- Reduced appetite
- Mydriasis (dilation of the pupils)
- Unpleasant and terrifying feelings (bad trip)
- Tachycardia (rapid heart rate)
- Abnormal increase in body temperature
- Hypertensive crisis
- Psychotic break
Effects associated with chronic use
- Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder: users experience a spontaneous and unpredictable recurrence of pseudohallucinations experienced while on LSD
- Loss of motivation
Tolerance (need to increase the dose to feel the same effect)
Develops quickly, especially if taken over several consecutive days.
Psychological dependence is possible.
Onset and duration of action
|30 to 40 minutes
|2 to 4 hours
|10 to 12 hours
- No antidote available.
- Treatment is mainly symptomatic.
Many different street drugs are sold under the same name. Furthermore, nothing guarantees the quantity, purity or even the content of a street drug in spite of the fact that it may, in some cases, look like medication.